Read about fall perennial plants and flowers. Here
you will get information about growing chrysanthemum flowers.
Growing Chrysanthemum Flowers
Chrysanthemums means 'golden flowers' , 'Chrys',
which means golden and 'anthemon', which means flower combine together
to give this name to Chrysanthemums. They were named so because of the
golden color of its original flower. However, chrysanthemums are more
commonly known as 'mums'. It is a genus of approximately 30 species of
perennial flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, found in Asia and
northeastern Europe. They are one of the most vivacious perennial
flowers. They are found in several colors like white, pink, yellow,
lavender, bronze, salmon, orange, or red. They also come in various
shapes and designs. Petals of chrysanthemum flowers can be either single
or in daisy form.
Types of Chrysanthemum Flowers
There chrysanthemums flowers are of several types. They are broadly
categorized into nine categories as per their types and placements of
disk and ray flowers. The nine categories of chrysanthemums as per this
classification are Incurved, Reflexed, Intermediate, Late Flowering
Anemones, Singles, Pompons, Sprays, Spiders/Spoons/Quills, Charms and
Cascades. Chrysanthemums are regarded as the flowers of month November.
Tips on growing Chrysanthemum flowers
- Chrysanthemums can easily be grown and are propagated by dividing the roots, cuttings and seeds.
- They are not even specific to any season. However sunny weather is the most preferable weather for them.
- They are generally grown in the area which observes low rainfall.
- While buying chrysanthemums plants you must take care not to buy plants with fully bloom flowers buds. Such plants have shorter booming period.
- Generally the chrysanthemums plants flower after three months of sowing.
- The chrysanthemums are generally pinched after few days to make them bushy.
- It is preferable to segregate the branches of the chrysanthemums plants from one another and sow them with the stems of perennial flowers, which have healthy roots.
- A well-drained soil is the best kind of soil for chrysanthemums. It is also necessary to add compost to the soil once a year, if you are planning to grow chrysanthemums.
- You should apply one-pound fertilizer per 100 square feet of chrysanthemum bed during their budding phase to help them grow in a better manner. Also, keep in concern that the fertilizer you mix with the soil should be mixed within 6 inches of the soil to give proper nutrition to the chrysanthemums plants.
- Provide them with thorough irrigation so that the roots evenly absorb the fertilizer.
- The chrysanthemums flowers should be sowed about 18 to 24 inches away form one another.
- The faded Chrysanthemum flowers should be removed from the plants on a regular interval as it hampers the growth of other blooms.
- Once these chrysanthemums flowers are six inches long, you must cut short one or two inches from their stem. You must continue this practice till the beginning of August. This is done in order to make them bushy.